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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 160-166

Outer retina reconstruction following inverted internal limiting membrane flap technique for large macular holes

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Eye Foundation Retina Institute, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria
2 Department of Ophthalmology, St Thomas Eye Hospital, Accra, Ghana

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ogugua N Okonkwo
27 Isaac John Street, GRA, Ikeja, Lagos
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-4534.310408

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PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to investigate the outer retina reconstruction using postoperative spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT) in large diameter macular holes (MHs) treated with the inverted internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap technique. METHODS: A retrospective study of 14 consecutive eyes that had vitrectomy and inverted ILM flap technique for MHs with a base diameter of 400 μ or greater. Preoperative and postoperative SD OCT images were assessed for MH closure and for outer retina presence; represented by the external limiting membrane (ELM) and ellipsoid zone (EZ), in the subfoveal and parafoveal areas. RESULTS: The average MH base diameter was 963 μ. Postoperative SD-OCT revealed an absence of the outer retina in six eyes, a continuous (regular) presence of the outer retina in four eyes, and a discontinuous (interrupted) presence in four eyes. There was an inverse relationship between MH size and presence or absence of ELM and EZ. A larger MH base diameter size was associated with a higher probability of an absent ELM and EZ (P = 0.04). Eyes in which an outer retina was present postoperatively achieved 6/18 and better vision compared to eyes without (P = 0.08). CONCLUSION: The outer retina in some large MHs treated with ILM flap technique can undergo reconstitution and remodeling which improves over time. The average size for MHs with complete reconstitution was 652 μ, 855 μ for those with interrupted reconstitution, and 1242 μ for eyes with no outer retina reconstruction. This suggests that MHs having a size within the limit of the no outer retina reconstitution MH group may be candidates for other surgical techniques in which postoperative outer retina presence is expected.

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